Thank you for showing an interest in TREAD. TREAD Research Applications are available to users who have registered on the Global Health Network website and agree to abide by The Global Health Network Terms & Conditions and the TREAD Code of Practice.

TREAD was established by a former ethics review committee chair who witnessed many novice researchers struggling with a clash of theory, methodology and ethical principles meaning that core ethical issues became secondary to a form-filling exercise. TREAD does not promote a ‘filling-in-the-boxes’ mentality when seeking approval from a research ethics review committee. TREAD’s goal is to facilitate sound ethical practice by providing examples of how researchers have described the pathways used to protect their research participants from harm. Reviewing multiple examples of protocols can promote best practice for researchers by allowing them to compare and contrast their project with donated examples. Postgraduate supervisors and ethics committee members may find it valuable to read how researchers, using a variety of well-established and novel methods with a range of populations, have described their ethical pathways. Research methods teachers may find useful examples for their students which blend considerations of theory, ethical principles and methodology.

TREAD Code of Practice

The TREAD Code of Practice requires that members respect the intellectual property rights of the Research Application donors and read and engage with the materials only. The Research Applications are protected by intellectual property laws and treaties around the world. All such rights are reserved. The materials in the Research Applications may not be reproduced in any format without written permission from the donors. If you would like to seek such permission, please contact

By proceeding to the TREAD Ethics Application Archive, you are agreeing to these conditions of access.